Domestic demand is the “ballast stone” and “stabilizer” for economic and stable operation. This year’s government work report pointed out that we must adhere to the strategic basis of expanding domestic demand and fully tap the potential of the domestic market.
Domestic demand includes both consumer demand and investment demand. Expanding domestic demand cannot be simply understood as “buy, buy, buy.” So, how to expand domestic demand to achieve both consumption and investment?
The Tianjin representatives and committee members attending the National Two Sessions expressed that they must do everything possible to expand domestic demand, continuously tap the market potential and take “new roads” to better stimulate consumption vitality, accelerate economic recovery, boost economic confidence, and enhance development stamina, with ideas and actions. The transformation of Tianjin has opened up a new realm of high-quality development in Tianjin.
National People’s Congress Representative Yuan Guangrui: Grasp projects to promote investment and support high-quality development
“Expanding effective investment is a specific requirement for doing a good job in the’six stability’ work, and it is also an inevitable choice for optimizing the supply structure and building a new development pattern.” Yuan Guangrui, deputy director of the National People’s Congress and deputy director of the Municipal Development and Reform Commission, said that in 2020, the city will coordinate epidemic prevention. Controlling and economic and social development, and vigorously focusing on project construction and investment promotion, fixed asset investment increased by 3% on the basis of the high growth rate of the previous year.
“Fixed asset investment has recovered against the trend and continued to improve. There are mainly four key factors.” He said, one is to make overall plans and expand reserves. A trillion-dollar action plan for new reserve projects, a three-year rolling plan for municipal government investment, a three-year action plan for new infrastructure, and the implementation of the “14th Five-Year Plan” plan for more than 3,300 reserve projects. The second is to promote and emphasize practical results. Develop a list of key reserves and key construction projects, carry out on-site investigations and special coordination, and solve the problems of early stage, construction and capital blockage. During the epidemic, a working group was set up to help support the resumption of work on major projects, and the resumption rate was among the highest in the country. The third is to seize funds and strengthen guarantees. Actively organize the application of special debt projects, and the accumulated amount is ranked in the forefront of the country; optimize the investment direction of government funds, actively strive for funds within the central budget, and municipal funds focus on ensuring the renewal and protecting the people’s livelihood; expand financing channels, build bank docking platforms, and promote financial institutions Provide loans to key projects to ensure capital needs; activate high-quality assets, and use social capital to speed up the construction of infrastructure such as sewage treatment plants. The fourth is to attract investment and activate power. Strengthen the work concept of “stimulating investment, supporting projects, and attracting investment at the source”, and actively promote investment promotion; speed up the pace of “releasing”, relax social capital investment areas and policy constraints, and deal with water, electricity, heat, and parking buildings outside the red line Other supporting facilities and projects such as urban renewal and smart light poles have all been liberalized to social capital; the intensity of “recruitment” has been increased, and the promotion of social capital projects has been released, with a total investment of more than 200 billion yuan.
2021 is the first year of the implementation of the “14th Five-Year Plan”, and a good start and a good start are crucial. “On the first day of work after the Spring Festival, the first batch of major projects this year started in a concentrated manner, and 287 major projects started at the same time, sounding the charge of grasping projects and promoting investment.” Yuan Guangrui said that in the future, there will be collaborations around Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. The 14th Five-Year Plan, such as development, manufacturing to establish a city, building a dual-city structure, and accelerating the construction of “two centers”, will further increase project planning and promotion, and ensure that the annual fixed asset investment will increase by 8%, which is a high Quality development provides strong project support.
Tian Huiguang, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference: Set policies to eliminate bottlenecks and vigorously develop health industry
“Vigorously developing the health industry is an important way to implement a healthy China strategy and expand domestic demand, and to provide important support for the formation of a new development pattern with the domestic cycle as the main body and the mutual promotion of the domestic and international dual cycles.” Tian Huiguang, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, is investigating It is found that China’s health industry has entered a period of rapid development, but compared with the strategic positioning of Healthy China and the growing demand for health, there are still small industrial scales, short industrial chains, unreasonable structures, weak industrial planning and policy leadership, and healthy Weaknesses such as poor industrial management systems.
How to solve the above-mentioned problems? Tian Huiguang suggested that the government’s guiding role and policy support role should be further brought into play, and a management system suitable for industrial development should be established. “We must strengthen overall guidance and coordinated management, and establish a scientific evaluation system.” Tian Huiguang said that the health industry development research should be a key research project of government departments and research institutions at all levels to provide support for the formulation of industrial development plans and the introduction of policies; Government departments and research institutions at all levels should formulate health industry development plans and guidance policies that match the local conditions, refine related supporting safeguards, and solve bottlenecks that restrict the development of the health industry; all relevant departments should increase cooperation and regularly check The implementation of plans and policies is evaluated and corrected.
“The development of the health industry requires policy support on both the supply side and the demand side of the health industry.” Tian Huiguang suggested that social forces should be encouraged to organize the health industry, guide the development of health financial services, promote health consumption, and promote the relationship between the health industry and commercial insurance institutions. Collaboration between. Provide tax-free or subsidy support for the establishment of a non-profit health industry in terms of talent introduction, technological innovation, land use, electricity, water, and venue leasing, and guide financial institutions to establish a health industry financial service platform to provide financial support for the health industry. Set up disease prevention-oriented health insurance in the medical insurance fund to guide residents’ health care consumption; promote and encourage the diversified supply of health service-oriented commercial insurance products, encourage enterprises and individuals to participate in commercial supplementary insurance, and stimulate the consumption vitality of the health industry.
Tian Huiguang believes that it is necessary to further strengthen government supervision and establish an open management method that combines positive guidance and negative lists for the development of the health industry to form a good market environment. At the same time, it is necessary to improve industry management and promote the development of industry standards.
Zhang Shuibo, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference: Consolidate the industrial foundation and inject strong domestic demand
“Striving to expand domestic demand is an inevitable choice to hedge the downside risks of the world economy, and it is also our strategic basis for responding to various risks and challenges.” said Zhang Shuibo, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and a professor in the Department of Management and Economics of Tianjin University. Under the circumstances, the reason why China’s economy can quickly emerge from the trough to achieve positive growth is mainly because we firmly grasp the strategic basis of expanding domestic demand and rely more on the domestic market to achieve a virtuous economic cycle. It can be seen from this that persisting in expanding domestic demand is the most solid foundation for promoting my country’s economy to ride the wind and waves, and to achieve stability and long-term stability.
During the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, how should we promote the formation of a strong domestic market? Zhang Shuibo believes that it is necessary to consolidate the industrial foundation. He said that the “14th Five-Year Plan” proposes to “form a strong domestic market and build a new development pattern” and put forward specific requirements for building a high-standard market system. This shows that a strong domestic market is playing a fundamental role in a “double-circulation” system dominated by domestic large-scale circulation. A strong domestic market needs to be driven by consumption. This year’s government work report also pointed out that “increasing residents’ income and expanding domestic demand from the source”. The accumulation of “pockets” of residents can bring strong impetus to the expansion of domestic demand. How to build up the money bag depends on employment. If you want to stabilize the employment “rice bowl”, you must accelerate the pace of industrial development. “Industry can bring employment, and employment can give people a stable income. If people’s income declines, consumer demand cannot be released. Therefore, the industry must provide sufficient and high-quality employment opportunities to promote the entire economy to achieve high-quality development. The healthy and rapid economic development can in turn promote the upgrading of the industry, thus achieving a balance between supply and demand.”
The industry is booming and the economy is booming. Combining Tianjin’s development concept of “building an international consumption center and a regional business center”, Zhang Shuibo said that Tianjin should grasp two aspects of work. On the one hand, it must continue to in-depth optimize the business environment and attract more external investment to drive industrial development. This is the most important task for Tianjin in the next five years; on the other hand, the development of the city cannot be separated from the support of talents. Tianjin needs to win the attention of young people and make them willing to settle down in Tianjin for development. “At present, Tianjin’s “Haihe Talents” action plan has achieved initial results, and we should continue to strengthen the introduction of talents to continuously inject new vitality into the city’s development.
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